Simple past (Prétérit) : I was, you were

Le verbe être (to be) est le seul qui se conjugue au passé en anglais:

I was, You were, He/She/It was, We were, You were, They were.

Pour were ne prononcez pas le r. Dites plutôt Weuuu. écoutez:

Pour la forme négative on ajoute not que l’on contracte systématiquement:

I wasn’t, You weren’t, He/She/It wasn’t, We weren’t, You weren’t, They weren’t.

Pour les questions on inverse le sujet et le verbe.

Was I _______? Were you ________? Was he/she/it ________ ? Were we ________ ? Were you _______ ? Were they ________ ?

Et pour les questions ouvertes on ajoute where, when, why, who, how, … au début.

Where was I? (où en étais-je?) How were you? (comment étais tu?) Who was he? (Qui était-ce?)

C’est très important de s’habituer à manipuler le verbe être à toutes ces formes. Voici quelques exercices pour cela.

Exercice 1 complete with am, are, is, was or were.

1 Now I ___am___ at home. Yesterday I __was_____ at school.

2 We ___________ on holiday last week. We ___________ in Italy.

3 She __________ tired this morning, but now she __________ fine.

4 Where ___________ you yesterday? I __________ worried!

5 He _________ late this morning! He __________ often late.

6 Now we _________ on holiday. We __________ very happy!

7 It ________ sunny today… It ________ rainy last night.

8 When __________ you in Italy?

9 I __________ in Italy last month.

10 They __________ at the party on Saturday. Now they _________ tired.

Exercise 2 Answer the questions. (Pour rendre l’exercice plus difficile vous pouvez cacher les réponses.)

question 1

Answer : I ___was_______ in Paris.

question 2

Answer : I _____________ an English teacher.

question 3

Answer : It __________ great!!

question 4

Answer : She _________ in Italy.

question 5

She ___________ my sister!

question 6

Yes, we _________________ very late!

question 7

My name _________ Sir Lancelot of Camelot.

question 8

They ____________ in Spain.

question 9

We ____________ in Italy in 2008.

question 10

I _________ sleeping.

question 11

I __________ sleeping!

Exercice 3 complétez avec was, wasn’t, were ou weren’t

1 We ______________ fast but we ___________________ the winners.

2 I _____________ happy because I _____________ hungry!

3 They ______________ at the meeting because they ______________ in Italy.

4 Why ____________ you angry? Because he ______________ listening!

5 How _______________ the spaghetti? It ________________ delicious!

6 Where _____________ you yesterday? You ______________ at the meeting!

7 She ___________________ happy about the result. It ______________ very bad!

8 I _____________ joking, I _____________ serious.

9 The tea _____________ cold and the food ________________ bad. It ___________ a bad breakfast!

10 When I ______________ a child I lived in London. I _______________ like other French children.