Simple Past (Prétérit) : Verbes Réguliers

Le « simple past » est comme son nom l’indique simple.

Pour les verbes réguliers il faut ajouter ED. Ensuite on ne conjugue pas.

Exemples :

I love you –> I loved you

You want to go out –> You wanted to go out.

He talks a lot –> He talked a lot.

La petite difficulté à apprendre est comment prononcer ED. Il y a trois façons.

1 Après les sons T ou D, ED se prononce ID.

Exemples : Wanted, Hated, Mended, Landed.

2 Après les sons « doux » (V, R, L, N, M, Y etc) ED se prononce D

Exemples : Loved, Heard, Programmed, Opened, Imagined, Enjoyed…

3 Après les sons « durs » (T, K, P, SH, CH, S, F) ED se prononce T (c’est le plus amusant)

Exemples : Talked, Punched, Relaxed, Punished, Kissed….

Pour le négatif on utilise DIDN’T à toutes les formes, puis le verbe SANS ED… On dit que didn’t nettoie le verbe.

  • I didn’t enjoy the party.
  • He didn’t talk very much.
  • We didn’t land on time.

Pour les questions, on utilise Did à toutes les formes puis le verbe sans ED.

  • Did you enjoy the party?
  • Did you hear the news?
  • Did he kiss her?

Comme toujours on peut utiliser where, when, what, who, how pour créer une question ouverte.

  • Where did they land?
  • What did you expect?
  • Why did she punch him?

Petites choses à retenir:

pay –> paid, say –> said

stop –> stopped, plan –> planned,

copy –> copied, try –> tried.

A vous de vous entraîner avec ces exercices!

Exercice 1 Ajoutez le verbe avec ou sans ED

  1. The plane didn’t _______________ on time yesterday. (land)
  2. I _____________ to my boss this morning. (talk) I said I _______________ my work. (enjoy)
  3. Did you __________________ to the Radio this morning? (listen)
  4. I didn’t ____________________ the movie, it was too violent (like). I ___________ the other movie, it was beautiful! (like)
  5. She ________________ him, he __________________ her, it was very violent! (kick, punch)
  6. Everyone _______________ this man because he didn’t __________ his debts. (hate, pay)
  7. I ______________ the piano when I was a child but I didn’t _______________ chess. (play, play)
  8. What did you ____________ ? (say) I didn’t ___________ anything (say). She _____________ something (say).
  9. You ________________ tired this morning. (look) Did you ______________ well last night?
  10. He just __________ and _____________ and never _________________ . (talk, talk, stop)

Exercice 2

Lisez ce texte en prononçant ed correctement

This morning I wanted to have breakfast. I opened the fridge but it was empty. So I walked to the shops. I talked with the shopkeeper. She was very nice so I invited her to have a cup of coffee. She said she was busy, maybe next time. I started to walk home but stopped in a park. There was a group of people playing football. I asked if I could join but they laughed and said I was too old. This made me angry and I kicked the ball very hard. The people shouted at me angrily so I ran away.

Exercice 3 complétez avec did ou didn’t et le verbe avec ou sans ed.

  1. __________ you ______________ the party? (enjoy)
  2. I ___________ _________________ the party! It was boring (enjoy negative)
  3. Where __________ you __________________ ? (walk)
  4. I ________________ in a park. (walk)
  5. ___________ you _________________ football? (play)
  6. No, I ____________ _________________ football. (play)
  7. I __________________ tennis. (play)
  8. When ______________ the plane _______________ ? (land)
  9. The plane ________________ at 9pm. (land) It was late!
  10. ___________ you pay for our drinks yesterday? (pay) No, I thought you ____________ pay)
  11. _____________ he _________________ the text? (copy) No, he ______________ writing an hour ago. (stop)